A meningioma prognosis is a difficult news to give to a patient. Such a tumor starts from the meninges, that layer of cells that work as a cover for the brain and for the spinal cord. Usually, if these cells turn into tumors, they are benign, but there are cases in which they can develop into cancer. Such a prognosis is awful, but even so, there is still hope for people who suffer of meningiomas. The meningiomas need to achieve a great size in order to put pressure on the brain, this is why they are hard to detect if the patient does not have many symptoms. A person experiencing often headaches, visual and hearing problems, seizure and loss of coordination may have them because of a meningioma. The silver lining in a case like this is that it can be cured or at least controlled trough surgery and radiation therapy. Craniotomy is a kind of operation through which the tumor can be removed. This is because the tumor usually appears on the covering of the brain and not directly on the brain.
The surgeon is the one that can decide what kind of craniotomy can be performed in a certain case. Usually, his decision depends on the location of the tumor in relation with the brain, as this can make the operation very risky or more simple than expected. If the tumor is close to blood vessels and nerves, the surgery becomes more complicated, as these may be injured during a procedure, causing more problems to the patient. These situations are quite common and in cases like these, the surgeon can decide to remove the tumor only partially in order to avoid the apparition of more complications for the patient.
Another procedure used after a meningioma prognosis is given is the stereotactic radiosurgery. If the tumor cannot be removed entirely or it is small and it has not symptoms, this is the most common approach that the doctors have towards it. This is a method to control it and it is successful in more than 90% of the cases. In this type of treatment it may also be included additional radiation or additional chemotherapy that the patient must undertake. These are mostly used in the cases in which he does not respond in the best manner to the classic surgery and then to the radiosurgery.